Physical characteristics and distribution
Body length: 30 – 160 cm
Weight: 2 – 70 kg
Life expectancy: 7 – 20 years
Distribution: Australia, New Guinea, Tasmania, some neighboring islands
Habitat: Steppe inhabitants, mountains, tree and bush landscapes
Species: 4 species threatened with extinction
The kangaroo has a long muscular tail, which is mostly hairy. In giant kangaroos it can even be up to a meter long. These need the animals as a support, for example, to keep the balance while jumping. The head is long and small, the ears big. Kangaroos have five fingers on their front paws. These are long and sharp, can act like hands and are very important for food intake. On the hind paws the animals are missing the first toe, the second and third are small and surrounded by a common skin. The fourth toe is the strongest. He is much taller and stronger than the others and has a big nail. The fifth toe is again weaker. The lower legs and the feet of the kangaroos are greatly extended. This allows you to jump very fast and save energy.
Reproduction and development
Female kangaroos have a pouch on the ventral side that opens upwards. Here, the kangaroo embryo crawls independently after a gestation period of 30 to 40 days. At birth, it weighs not even a gram. The female kangaroo usually gives birth to only one kitten at a time, rarely two. Shortly after birth, however, the female can mate again. However, the new seedling in the uterus does not develop further when there is still a cub in the bag. This stoppage of seedling development is controlled by the use of the teats. Only when the boy in the bag is barely nursed and feeds mainly on grass, the seedling continues to grow. Overall, the young animals remain in the bag for about 250 days. Only four weeks after the young kangaroo is out, the kangaroo mom can give birth to another baby without having mated in recent weeks.
Lifestyle and behavior
Kangaroos are loners. Sometimes they live together in small groups. These squads generally consist of one male, several females and the accompanying juveniles. The kangaroos have two forms of locomotion: if they want to reach a high speed, they only jump with their hind legs, the tail remains in the air and serves for balance. With this system, the big kangaroos can even reach a speed of 88 km / h. If a giant kangaroo is on the run, the jump distance can be a good nine meters. The average jump distance is, however, 1.2 to 1.9 meters. In another type of jump, the tail is used as a kind of fifth leg. The kangaroo rests with his forepaws and tail and swings his hind legs forward. As soon as they touch the ground again, forepaws and tail are replaced. Kangaroos can not run backwards. Their relatives, the tree kangaroos, on the other hand, do not bounce at all – but they are good climbers for that.
All kangaroos are vegetarians, so they mainly feed on plants. Nevertheless, they can be divided into two groups: the grass grazer and the fruit eater (browser). Depending on how the animal feeds, it has other teeth. The browsers have molars with transverse yokes and no strong longitudinal edge. The front teeth are large and have long cutting edges. All molars simultaneously touch the opposing teeth, literally crushing the food. The grass-eating kangaroos have long edges on the chewing surfaces of the molars. The chewing motion runs sideways inward, cutting the hard plant parts with the longitudinal cutting edges. The Tammar kangaroo is the only marsupial to drink saltwater.
Hunting style, equipment and countries
Kangaroos have proliferated in Australia, so hunting for the large kangaroos is possible in some regions. The hunt takes place on the stalk and it is normal wild game caliber sufficient. The smaller subspecies of kangaroos, the Wallibies, are also very common but these are completely protected.
Hunting trip Countries
Currently, this hunt is not offered as a trip
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